Balanced diet

Okay now this one can be pretty tough sometimes! We all love the occasional domino’s pizza or Nando’s! However try and not make fast food a habit.  Remember healthy eating is not about cutting out food, but eating a balance. By doing this you can maintain a healthy weight and reduce health risks such as high cholesterol. It has also been shown to improve memory and alertness! Below are the benefits of a healthy diet, and tips on how to eat healthily

Benefits of a balanced diet

1. Maintaining a healthy weight

  • An unbalanced diet can increase the incidence of obesity which is associated with chronic conditions such as cancer or heart disease

  • A balanced diet free from processed foods contains a lot of plant-based products, usually rich in fiber.

  • Fiber is known to help keep you fuller for longer. This is supported by a 2018 study that  showed that a balanced diet containing fiber and protein leads to weight loss without using a calorie counter

2. Decreased risk of heart              disease and stroke

  • There is a long-standing association between coronary heart disease and trans fats. Trans fats is known to affect the balance between the two types of cholesterol in our bodies:

  • Low-density lipoprotein: This is often categorised as “bad”, and can built up in your artery walls

  • High-density lipoprotein: Known as “good” fat, picks up excess cholesterol, and returns it to the liver.

  • Fat deposits in the arteries can rupture and cause a blood clot, potentially leading to cardiac arrest.

  • Research has shown up to 80% of premature heart disease and stroke can be prevented by increasing levels of physical activity and maintaining a healthy diet.

3.  Reduced cancer risk

  • Obesity is the cause of 13 types of cancer, so maintaining a healthy lifestyle through a balanced diet and exercise is very important.

  • A study in 2014 found that diets rich in fruits, vegetables and fiber lowered the risk of colorectal and liver cancer.

  • Phytochemicals in fruits, vegetables and nuts can act as anti-oxidants, which can protect cells from cancer-induced damage

4. Stronger bones and teeth

  • Most of our bone growth occurs in childhood and adolescence. Therefore it is important to maintain our bone density during and minimise bone loss during adulthood.

  • A healthy diet containing the correct amounts of calcium and magnesium is important in strengthening our bones and teeth, preventing osteoporosis and osteoarthritis later on in life.